Section 2: Defining an experiment

Section 2 introduces the principles for experimentation, along with types of experiments and considerations in terms of actors, experimental scope and feasibility. Extracts and resources from the hubs in Africa and Latin America show how experiments were defined differently in each local context, and how they interacted with multiple system dimensions to achieve transformative impact.

Principles for experimentation in Transformative Innovation Policy

TIPC developed some guiding principles for experimentation in Transformative Innovation Policy in its pilot phase. Here, we introduce those principles and the vocabulary used to describe them, showing how they were applied to case study selection in Latin America and Africa. The TIP radar tool helps us to link these principles to a real project, programme or policy to assess its transformative potential.

TIP Africa Hub experiments (pilot cases)

An overview of experimentation in three TIP Africa Hub countries – Kenya, Ghana, Senegal – which, in 2019, embarked on the pilot methodology for examining and analysing projects in their science and innovation systems that aligned with the TIP principles. Their case studies reveal the kinds of programmes and projects that can engage with the TIP methodology with transformative outcomes, and show how and why these initiatives were defined as TIP experimental engagements.

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