Multi-level theory of change (Group version)

Estimated Time
90 minutes, plus 90 minutes for stretch exercise
Resource Type
TIPC Region

This tool is designed for group use, to help us develop a transformative theory of how change happens within a socio-technical system, drawing on the Multi-Level Perspective.

It complements the Pentagonal map for system analysis tool in Component 1, which identifies the dominant system regime driven by actors, materials and rules.




This tool was inspired by sections of the MOTION Handbook on Developing a Transformative Theory of Change, by Alejandra Boni, Caetano C. R. Penna, Carla Alvial Palavicino, Christoph Brodnik, Cristian Matti, Jenny Witte, Johan Schot, Jordi Molas-Gallart, Matthias Weber, Pablo F. Mendez, Paulina Terrazas, Susanne Keesman.

It was reviewed and developed further by Andrea Padilla Cuevas.


Ghosh, B., Shaw, V., Steinmueller, E., Zinkstock, E. (2022) Multi-level theory of change (Group version) Available at 

Facilitators Instructions

Important: Duplicating the tool

This resource is a Master version of the tool. To use it, you will need to duplicate it to your own Miro account.

How to duplicate the Board

  • First, make sure you have your own Miro account. Researchers may be able to access a free educational plan for staff at educational institutions
  • Click on the ‘download’ link to access the Lab master board
  • Then click on the title
  • Click ‘duplicate’ – this will open another board with ‘Copy’ in the title
  • Rename the tool and save the URL

You will need to complete this process for each board. If you are using a tool with multiple groups, you can either: (a) create a different board for each group or (b) copy the tool multiple times on the same board. We recommend (b) to avoid confusion over board links.

If you are new to Miro, there is a short intro here.

If you accidentally change the Resource Lab Master, don’t worry! – please leave a message in the feedback section below and the Lab team will be able to update it.

Reflections on TIPC use

This tool has been tested by TIPC with small groups in an online workshop setting. Facilitators should take a copy of the board for each group and encourage participants to work through the step-by-step instructions in relation to a particular socio-technical regime. Facilitators can develop the board further to tailor it to use in a particular context. An alternative version is available for use by an individual as a reflective exercise.

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